The Tehuantepec Isthmus, a southern region of Mexico that includes the states of Oaxaca, Chiapas, Tabasco and Veracruz, holds the highest concentration of wind farms in Latin America. The Isthmus, measuring a mere 200 kilometers between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, is the third narrowest strip of land on the continent, following Nicaragua and the Panama Canal. A total of 28 wind farms have been planned for construction, 15 of which have already been completed.
While environmental impact reports tend to support the construction of these wind farm parks, local communities and environmentalists are raising concerns that local flora and fauna are being affected. The cases of the Barra Santa Theresa in Alvaro Obregon and San Vicente Beach in Juchitán de Zaragoza are of particular interest. “This is the meeting point of various intimately related aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, known as ‘ecotones.’ What occurs in each distinct ecosystem affects the dynamic on a larger scale, placing the existence of the adjoining ecosystems in danger,” Mora said.
More information on the wind farms of the Tehuantepec Isthmus: Oaxaca’s Wind Parks May Violate OECD Rules, “Any consultation to be realized now is illegal”, Oaxaca’s wind farm surge produces clean power – and protests, Bií Hioxo Wind Energy Project Hurting Indigenous Peoples and their Territories, Attack and harassment of human rights defender and member of Asamblea Popular del Pueblo de Juchitán Ms Carmen Ruiz Martínez