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1On Wednesday, November 22, Mexican civil society groups addressed the European Parliament in Brussels, demanding the suspension of renewed trade negotiation between the European Union and Mexico until the protection of human rights can be guaranteed. “The agreement should not be signed so long as the Mexican Government fails to demonstrate its willingness to fulfill human rights,” said Olga Guzmán, member of the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights, during a press conference at the parliament.

Guzmán and other advocates described the dramatic deterioration of Mexico’s human rights situation over the last decade during a conference entitled “EU-Mexico Global Agreement: Human rights or commercial interests?,” organized by Spanish parliamentarians Josep-María Terricabras of the Catalan nationalist party ERC, and Estefanía Torres of the leftist party Podemos.

2In a joint message released on November 1, the Foreign Affairs Ministries of Mexico and France declared that critical updates to the EU-Mexico Free Trade Agreement will soon be finalized. Authorities insist that the modernization of the 17-year-old pact, which is part of the Global Agreement, will enable greater access to Mexican products in the European Union as well as increased imports of European products to Mexico.

Still, market experts point to the toll that free trade agreements have already taken on Mexico since 2000. Rather than diversifying its export markets, Mexico remains heavily dependent on the U.S. market: 80 percent of its exports still go to the United States. Moreover, the trade deficit with the EU is widening: between 2002 and 2015 it grew from €8.6 billion to €14 billion.

77a77e42f9744e5080a22826b3347303 18Juchitan is known for its Day of the Dead celebrations. In any other year, the streets of the city centre are crammed with vendors selling the yellow cempasuchil flowers and fruits that are used in the rituals. This year, the celebrations are much more modest. In the indigenous Zapotec language, which is spoken by most in the city, the traditions surrounding Day of the Dead are called Xandu, a Zapotec adaptation of the Spanish "Todos Santos" ("All Saints Day"). Xandu is celebrated between October 29 and 31. The biguie', the centre of the Xandu rituals, is a shrine that people build in their homes to welcome the dead. But Juchitan was hit hard by the 8.2-magnitude earthquake that shook southern Mexico on September 7, meaning the celebrations have taken on a new meaning.

"Juchitan has completely changed, the dynamic of community life and social life has been cut off," Gaspar Cabrera Manuel, a Catholic missionary who works in Juchitan, told Al Jazeera. "People are focused on rebuilding their own houses and their own lives, and they've had to put other things aside," he said. Thousands still live under tarps, with relatives or in government shelters. Demolition of damaged houses has only just started, and reconstruction is still a long way off.

Read the full story by Simon Schatzberg: Juchitan celebrates Day of the Dead after earthquake

 

juchitan.terremotoShortly before midnight on September 7, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.1 on the Richter scale—the strongest to hit Mexico in a century—radiated out from its epicenter in the Gulf of Tehuantepec off the country’s southern coast. Indigenous and farming communities in the marginalized states of Oaxaca and Chiapas bore the brunt of the destruction, with 99 deaths in total.

A mere twelve days later, Mexico City residents were busy commemorating the anniversary of the devastating 1985 earthquake when the seismic alarm system sounded, this time in response to a 7.1 magnitude temblor with its epicenter less than 100 miles from the capital. To date the September 19th quake has killed over 300 people and left tens of thousands homeless in Mexico City as well as Mexico State, Puebla, Morelos, and Guerrero.

While news cycles continue to be dominated by delusive coverage of rescue efforts in the capital, distressed communities describe a state of emergency exacerbated by political corruption and opportunistic militarization. The following is a brief overview of the current situation in affected regions, with an emphasis on the perennially overlooked regions of Southeast Mexico.

AAJ 2680On September 7, an 8.1-magnitude earthquake rattled Mexico, shaking people out of their beds from the epicenter in the southern state of Chiapas to Mexico City some 600 miles away. It was the strongest earthquake to hit the country in over a century and has led to 98 deaths to date. Worst hit were the Istmo region of Oaxaca, the mountainous Mixe region in the same state and de coastal region of Chiapas. About 2.5 million people are in need of emergency aid and shelter.

Photographer Jonathan Treat visited the Istmo region days after the earthquake and shares with Educa this photo reporting about the people´s struggle for survival in the communities of San Mateo del Mar, Matías Romero, Rio de Pachiñe, Santa María Xadani and Las Flores: “The ovens that women use to make totopos to sell are destroyed. There are single mothers, and many others with no income now,” explained Edgar Teodoro Galván to Treat. “We don´t know how long we´ll be without homes. Our territory is forgotten. We´re like abandoned orphans. We´ve organized to help each other. But how are we going to rebuild?”

Photo reporting: “What do we do now?" (pdf, 10 pág.)

Versión en espanol

 

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